Perceptions of Safety

Last Updated: 
2011
Update Frequency: 
CIV and VicHealth Survey

Indicator Rationale

Neighbourhoods which are perceived as safe, foster community participation. encourage physical activity, community connectedness and add to the health and well-being of local residents and visitors.  Neighbourhood safety can only be achieved through the development and support of partnerships, within local communities, with business, residents, community groups, police, agencies and councils, which identify local solutions to local issues. 

The built environment and the way neighbourhoods are designed and maintained, impact greatly on perceptions of safety and are critical factors in any strategy for improving safety in neighbourhoods. 

Data Source

VicHealth Indicator Survey 2011

Community Indicators Victoria Survey 2007

Measures

There are four separate measures for this indicator.  Each measure examines a different aspect of perceptions of safety, and is expressed as a percentage of the adult population.

The survey questions aimed to gain an understanding of first-hand perceptions of safety.  If a respondent indicated that he/she had not been alone in a particular situation, survey interviewers were instructed to code the response for that situation to 'never alone in this situation'.  No additional questions were asked regarding the reasons why the respondent was never alone in that situation.

People Who Feel Safe or Very Safe When at Home Alone During the Day

A small number of survey respondents (less than 1.0% of weighted survey estimates across Victoria) answered that they didn't know, were never alone at home during the day, or refused to answer the survey question.  These respondents have been excluded from the data analysis.

People Who Feel Safe or Very Safe When at Home Alone at Night

A small number of survey respondents (less than 2.0% of weighted survey estimates across Victoria) answered that they didn't know, were never alone at home at night, or refused to answer the survey question.  These respondents have been excluded from the data analysis.

People Who Feel Safe or Very Safe Walking Alone in Local Area During the Day

A small number of survey respondents (less than 2.0% of weighted survey estimates across Victoria) answered that they didn't know, never walked alone in the local area during the day, or refused to answer the survey question.  These respondents have been excluded from the data analysis.

People Who Feel Safe or Very Safe Walking Alone in Local Area at Night

A small number of survey respondents (approximately 15.0% of the weighted survey estimates across Victoria) answered that they didn't know, never walked alone in the local area at night, or refused to answer the survey question.  These respondents have been excluded from the data analysis.  Rates of non-response across LGAs ranged from 3.3% to 26.0%.

Survey Question

QC4.  Now some questions about safety...  How safe or unsafe do you feel when you are in the following situations?

How safe do you feel...

a.  At home by yourself during the day?

b.  At home by yourself after dark?

c.  Walking in your local area alone during the day?

d.  Walking in your local area alone after dark?

The response options for each part of the survey question were:  Very safe; Safe; Neither safe nor unsafe; Unsafe; Very unsafe; Never alone in this situation

Source of Question

Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2006 General Social Survey

Reference

Australian Bureau of Statistics (2007).  General Social Survey: User Guide, Australia, 2006