Local employment is integral to a sustainable society. Local employment contributes to making the municipality a desirable place to live and reduces economic leakage. People who live and work in an area are more likely to shop locally and become embedded in the local community, contributing to community building (ABS, 2001; Austin et al., 2001). Local employment also has environmental benefits, as decreased travel demands reduce greenhouse gas emissions and helps workers attain better work-life balance.
Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2006 Census data available on request.
People Working and Living in the Same LGA: expressed as a proportion of employed people living in the area.
In the 2006 Census, information sufficient to determine whether they worked and lived in the same LGA was not obtained from 9.8% of employed Victorians (varying between 6.4% and 13.7% in individual LGAs). These people - who either: had no fixed place of work, and did not usually travel to a depot to start work; or did not provide a workplace address which could be coded to a Statistical Local Area (either insufficient information or no address at all) - have been excluded from the population prior to the calculation of proportions. In addition, some people did not provide a response enabling the determination of labour force status, and have also been excluded.
Data for this measure have also been provided for various subgroups of the working population based on age, sex and skill level. Further information on skill level can be found on the Highly Skilled Workforce metadata page.
These variables were derived from responses to a number of questions on the 2006 Census form:
The census form instructed respondents that a job was any type of work, including casual, temporary or part-time work, if it was for one hour or more.
It is important to understand that most census data relates to employment in the week prior to Census night, which is different to the basis on which place of usual residence is determined (i.e. the address at which the person has lived or intends to live for a total of six months or more in 2006). For a small proportion of records, information may appear to be inconsistent when comparing place of work with place of usual residence.
Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) (2001). Measuring Well-being: Frameworks for Australian Social Statistics
Austin, T., Shoemark, S., Stokes, S., Stone, S., and Terril, A. (2001). Part 1-Developing A Draft Set of Sustainability Indicators for the Shire of Cardinia. Graduate School of Environmental Science, Monash University November 2001.
Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2006 Census of Population and Housing - Reference and Information.