Employment Rate

Last Updated: 
Update Frequency: 
Census every 5 years

Indicator Rationale

Employment for all is an important social goal.  People out of a job may have a sense of less than full membership of the community.  Improving employment options for young people, people with disabilities, indigenous people and older residents is important for a community that values people.  Local employment options for residents will make the municipality a desirable place to live and reduce economic leakage and greenhouse gas emissions due to reduced travel demands. One of the key outcomes of local industry is local employment provision.

Adequate employment levels are an important social goal (Freebairn, 2005). Employment gives people the opportunity to make lifestyle choices and is associated with levels of personal satisfaction (Freebairn, 2005). Insufficient employment opportunities may lead to a decline in health and skill levels of unemployed people, family breakdowns and increasing crime rates (Austin et al., 2001).

Data Source

Australian Bureau of Statistics 2011 Census

Australian Bureau of Statisitcs 2006 Census, Basic Community Profile Table B41


People Who Are Employed: expressed as a percentage of people aged 15 years and over.

The data are based on place of usual residence.  In the 2006 Census, information sufficient to determine labour force status was not obtained from 6.2% of Victorians aged 15 years and over ('not stated' category).  These people were excluded from the population prior to the calculation of proportions.  Rates of non-response across LGAs ranged from 3.4% to 14.6%.

Census Questions

The data have been derived from the Labour Force Status census variable.

Labour Force Status was derived from responses to a number of questions (asked only of persons aged 15 years and over) on the 2006 Census form:

Question 34: Last week, did the person have a full-time or part-time job of any kind?
Question 35: In the main job held last week, was the person working for an employer or working in own business?
Question 38: In the main job held last week, what was the person's occupation?
Question 39: What are the main tasks that the person usually performs in the occupation reported at Question 38?
Question 44: Last week, how many hours did the person work in all jobs?
Question 46: Did the person actively look for work at any time in the last four weeks?
Question 47: If the person had found a job, could the person have started work last week?

The census form instructed respondents that a job was any type of work, including casual, temporary or part-time work, if it was for one hour or more.



Freebairn, J. (2005). Opinion. Melbourne Institute News. September 2005. Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research. Issue 9.

Austin, T., Shoemark, S., Stokes, S., Stone, S., and Terril, A. (2001). Part 1-Developing A Draft Set of Sustainability Indicators for the Shire of Cardinia. Graduate School of Environmental Science, Monash University November 2001.

Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2006 Census of Population and Housing - Reference and Information.