Employment for all is an important social goal. People out of a job may have a sense of less than full membership of the community. Improving employment options for young people, people with disabilities, indigenous people and older residents is important for a community that values people. Local employment options for residents will make the municipality a desirable place to live and reduce economic leakage and greenhouse gas emissions due to reduced travel demands. One of the key outcomes of local industry is local employment provision.
Adequate employment levels are an important social goal (Freebairn, 2005). Employment gives people the opportunity to make lifestyle choices and is associated with levels of personal satisfaction (Freebairn, 2005). Insufficient employment opportunities may lead to a decline in health and skill levels of unemployed people, family breakdowns and increasing crime rates (Austin et al., 2001).
Australian Bureau of Statisitcs 2006 Census, Basic Community Profile Table B41
People Who Are Employed: expressed as a percentage of people aged 15 years and over.
The data are based on place of usual residence. In the 2006 Census, information sufficient to determine labour force status was not obtained from 6.2% of Victorians aged 15 years and over ('not stated' category). These people were excluded from the population prior to the calculation of proportions. Rates of non-response across LGAs ranged from 3.4% to 14.6%.
The data have been derived from the Labour Force Status census variable.
Labour Force Status was derived from responses to a number of questions (asked only of persons aged 15 years and over) on the 2006 Census form:
The census form instructed respondents that a job was any type of work, including casual, temporary or part-time work, if it was for one hour or more.
Freebairn, J. (2005). Opinion. Melbourne Institute News. September 2005. Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research. Issue 9.
Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2006 Census of Population and Housing - Reference and Information.